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2021-12-22 Journal of Pediatric Urology - Resolution of post-circumcision penile adhesions in newborns

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  • 2021-12-22 Journal of Pediatric Urology - Resolution of post-circumcision penile adhesions in newborns

    Journal of Pediatric Urology - Resolution of post-circumcision penile adhesions in newborns
    Daniel Pitts
    Diana Aponte-Colon
    David Chalmers
    December 22, 2021

    https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34980556/
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    This study highlights that skin bridging is so common following infant circumcision that plenty of cases can readily be found and investigated.
    = = =

    Abstract


    Introduction: Penile adhesions are a common complication of neonatal circumcision and can cause significant distress to families. Although prior studies have suggested adhesions resolve with conservative measures, the information on the likelihood and time frame is not known. Alternatively, a lysis of adhesions (LOA) procedure can be performed in the office. The aim of the study was to determine the likelihood of spontaneous resolution with conservative measures at home.

    Methods: A retrospective review of patients with post circumcision penile adhesions that were referred to a pediatric urologist was conducted. Data regarding patient age, extent and severity of adhesions, chosen treatment modality (home-care with daily retraction versus LOA), improvement in subsequent visits, and final outcome of adhesions was obtained from chart review. Contingency tables, chi-square tests, or t-tests were used to assess statistical significance.

    Results: 429 patients were reviewed. The mean age was 28.2 months (range 1-152) and mean follow-up was 7.4 months (range 1-70). Adhesions were circumferential in 81% of patients and incomplete in 19%. Additionally, 64% of patients had adhesions that covered less than 50% of the glans penis, compared to adhesions that covered 50% or more in 36% of patients. After the initial visit, 66% of patients elected the home-care regimen, 89% of which were seen in follow-up visits. Only 36% of patients treated with the home-care regimen had completely or substantially resolved adhesions after a median of 6 months. Results showed a significant difference in success with home care depending on the circumferential extent of adhesions (p < 0.05), with patients whose adhesions covered less than 25% of the glans penis having the greatest likelihood of improvement. Effectiveness of home therapy also varied depending on the severity of adhesions (p < 0.05), with patients whose adhesions covered less than 50% of the glans having a higher chance of success. Most patients that initially chose the home-care regimen (65%) eventually elected to undergo LOA in the office. This study is limited by the retrospective nature, failure to control for potential confounders such as weight and the degree of participation at home, and the time frame after initiation of home therapy, which might have been insufficient for complete resolution of adhesions.

    Discussion: The conservative management of post-circumcision adhesions is not effective over a 6 month time frame, with the great majority of the patients eventually undergoing LOA. Physicians can classify the severity and extent of adhesions to predict what patients might have more success with conservative management. LOA might be better suited for patients with more severe adhesions.
    -Ron Low
    [email protected]
    847 414-1692 Chicago
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